A Comprehensive Guide to Wood Fencing Types


Wood fencing has been a popular choice for homeowners for centuries, valued for its aesthetic appeal, versatility, and durability. We will delve into the various aspects of wood fencing and cover its types as noted by F&W Fence Co. Inc. Each section provides detailed insights to help you make an informed decision about using wood fencing for your property.

Types of Wood Fencing

  1. Picket Fences

Picket fences are quintessentially American, evoking images of quaint suburban homes with neatly trimmed lawns. These fences typically consist of evenly spaced vertical boards, known as pickets, attached to horizontal rails. Picket fences are often relatively low, around three to four feet in height, which makes them more decorative than functional in terms of security. The design allows for visibility and airflow while providing a boundary. Picket fences can be made from various types of wood, including cedar, pine, and redwood, each offering different aesthetic and functional benefits. Cedar, for example, is naturally resistant to rot and insects, making it a popular choice. Pine is more affordable but requires regular treatment to prevent decay. Redwood offers a rich color and durability but comes at a higher cost. The charm of picket fences lies in their simplicity and ability to complement a wide range of home styles, from colonial to contemporary.

  1. Privacy Fences

Privacy fences are designed to create a secluded and secure environment by blocking the view from the outside. These fences are typically six to eight feet tall and constructed with closely spaced or overlapping vertical boards to ensure minimal gaps. Privacy fences are ideal for backyards, where homeowners seek to enjoy their outdoor space without the intrusion of passersby or neighbors. Popular wood for privacy fences include cedar, pressure-treated pine, and redwood. Cedar is favored for its natural oils that resist decay and insect damage, while pressure-treated pine is treated with chemicals to withstand harsh conditions and pests. With its natural beauty and longevity, Redwood is often chosen despite its higher price. Privacy fences can be customized with various styles, such as board-on-board, shadowbox, and fence. Each style offers different levels of privacy and aesthetic appeal. The board-on-board design, for instance, provides complete privacy and a solid appearance, while the shadowbox style offers a more decorative look with alternating boards.

  1. Split Rail Fences

Split rail fences offer a rustic and open look, often associated with rural and country properties. These fences are constructed using horizontal rails inserted into vertical posts, creating a simplistic and functional barrier. Split rail fences are typically used for defining property boundaries, containing livestock, or adding a decorative element to large landscapes. The open design of split rail fences makes them less suitable for security or privacy purposes but highly effective for marking territory. Commonly used wood types for split rail fences include cedar and locust. Cedar is prized for its resistance to decay and pests, making it a durable option. Locust wood is solid and rot-resistant, making it an excellent choice for long-lasting fences. Split rail fences are relatively easy to install and maintain, requiring minimal tools and expertise. The rustic charm of split rail fences makes them a popular choice for those looking to enhance the natural beauty of their property.

  1. Lattice Fences

Lattice fences are a decorative option that combines functionality with aesthetic appeal. These fences are made up of crisscrossed strips of wood, forming a diamond or square pattern. Lattice fences are often used as garden trellises, privacy screens, or to add a decorative touch to a property. They can be installed as standalone structures or incorporated into the top section of other fence types, such as privacy fences. The open pattern of lattice fences allows for airflow and light penetration, making them ideal for supporting climbing plants like roses, ivy, and clematis. Standard wood choices for lattice fences include cedar, redwood, and treated pine. Cedar and redwood are favored for their natural resistance to rot and insects, while treated pine offers affordability and durability. Lattice fences can be customized with various designs and finishes, allowing homeowners to match them with their overall landscaping and architectural style. They are a popular choice for adding a touch of elegance and functionality to gardens and outdoor living spaces.

  1. Post and Rail Fences

Post and rail fences are a traditional and functional choice, commonly seen in rural areas and properties with large expanses of land. These fences have vertical posts and horizontal rails, creating a sturdy and open barrier. Post and rail fences are often used for delineating property boundaries, containing livestock, or enhancing the aesthetic appeal of a landscape. The simplicity of the design makes them easy to install and maintain. Common wood types used for post and rail fences include cedar, pine, and locust. Cedar is known for its natural resistance to decay and insects, making it a durable option. Pine, when pressure-treated, can withstand harsh weather conditions and pests. Locust wood is solid and rot-resistant, making it a long-lasting choice. Depending on the desired look and functionality, post and rail fences can be customized with different rail configurations, such as two-rail, three-rail, or even four-rail. The open design of post and rail fences makes them less suitable for privacy or security purposes but highly effective for marking territory and adding rustic charm to a property.

Wood fencing is popular for homeowners due to its aesthetic appeal, durability, versatility, and environmental friendliness. Understanding the different types of wood fencing, such as picket, privacy, split rail, lattice, and post and rail fences, allows homeowners to choose the best option for their specific needs. The benefits of wood fencing, including its natural beauty, strength, adaptability, and cost-effectiveness, make it a practical and attractive solution for various applications. Proper maintenance, including regular inspections, cleaning, sealing, staining, repairs, and pest protection, is essential for ensuring the longevity and appearance of wood fences. By following these maintenance practices, homeowners can enjoy the numerous advantages of wood fencing for many years. Whether used for privacy, decoration, or property delineation, wood fencing offers a timeless and versatile option that enhances the value and appeal of any property.











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