These lines are for Allama Iqbal – Man is, by nature, an imitative creature. The virtuous and inspiring lives which the great men led have had a significant influence on many generations. It is the noble lives of great religious teachers as well as social reformers that have enriched society and helped in making people better, wiser, and happier.
About Allama Iqbal
The founder, as well as a preacher of the Pakistan idea, the poet of the East and the great thinker of the Muslim world, Dr. Allama Iqbal, had been a fountain of liberal thoughts, a source of moral teaching and a messenger of liberty, brotherhood, justice, and self-recognition. Through his several works in Urdu, Persian, and English, he spread his golden thoughts among the human-beings generally and the Muslim World especially.
Allama Iqbal Early Education
Dr. Allama Iqbal was born in Sialkot on November 9, 1877. After completing his primary education at home, he was admitted to a Mission School; He became proficient in Arabic and Persian under the supervision of his tutor, Syed Mir Hassan, a great scholar. From Murray College Sialkot, Iqbal came to Government College, Lahore. There he came under the influence of Sir Thomas Arnold. He did his M.A in Philosophy. He went to England for higher studies. From Germany, he did his Ph. D in Philosophy. He also obtained the degree of Bar-at-Law from Cambridge University.
Journey to India
On his return journey to India, Dr. Allama Iqbal traveled in many European and Middle East Countries. The past glory and supremacy of the Islamic culture and power made hi stay and weep over them at every step. He composed many mournful and exciting dirges on the outdistanced glory of Islamic power and civilization. He had now realized the dangers of Western culture and scientific advancement. He tried his best to expose the perils of the European mechanized culture and material development. He was not impressed by Western culture. He says:
Empty of concord is the soul of Europe,
Whose civilization to no Makkah bends.
Introducing Islamic Principle
Dr. Allama Iqbal introduced Islamic principles and Quranic theories in his poetry. He says that Islam does not divide the unity of man into spirit and matter. In Islam, religion, and state, spirit and matter. In Islam, religion, and state, spirit and matter are not separable.
Iqbal guides us towards our faith and love of Allah. He says that we must have unflinching faith in Allah, and having no faith is worse than slavery. He says:
Faith is like Abraham at stake: to be
Self-honoring and God-drunk is faith.
Complain to Muslim
Dr. Allama Iqbal points out the reasons for the decline of the Muslims in the present world. He complains that the Muslims have lost their strong love for their Creator and his creations that the Muslims have lost their strong love for their Creator and his creation. They lack the true spirit of love, and their feelings are only skin-deep. That is why they are disunited, and their hearts are confused. Their prayers are devoid of their spirit. Iqbal says:
Love’s madness has departed: in
The Muslim’s veins the blood runs thin;
Ranks broken, hearts perplexed, prayer cold,
No feeling deeper than the skin.
His call for action still rings in the ears of every sensitive reader of his works. Politically the Indian Muslims were passing through the most horrible time of their history. They were leading a lie of misery and disappointment. His poetry infused a new spirit into them. He awakened them from their laziness through his poems. He thought them that only Islam could be the solution to their problems.
Allama Iqbal Poetry
Dr. Allama Iqbal used the eagle as a symbol for the energetic Muslim youth. He also presented the concept of Khudi. This concept gave a new life to the nation and set them to action. In this address at Allahbad in 1930, he presented the two-nation theory. This idea gave a definite direction to the struggle of the Indian Muslim for a separate homeland.
Many collections of Allama Iqbal poems have been published. Bang-e-Dara, Bal-e-Jabril, Zarb-e-Kalim, Asrar-e-Khudi, Payam-e-Mashriq, and Javed Nama are some of them.
To Allama Iqbal, man is the center of the universe the Momin, the human being in the true sense of the term – is the caliph of Allah. Being a human being, he must recognize himself.
Dr. Allama Iqbal Died
Allama Iqbal was the first to conceive the dream of Pakistan. He passed away on April 21, 1938, before the birth of Pakistan. His death was mourned by the entire Muslim world. He was the national poet of Pakistan. Iqbal is a guide for all times.
The mighty minds of old,(South)
My never-failing friends are they,
With whom I converse day by day.