Osman ghazi(1258-1326) – History of Osman Ghazi – Who was Osman ghazi
The Ottoman Caliphate is the golden age of our Islamic history that assures us that Muslims can once again rule the world.
After the record-breaking popularity of the drama serial Ertugrul Ghazi in Pakistan,
people’s interest in the Ottoman Caliphate has increased a lot.
At the urging of our viewers, we are going to launch a very unique series
in which we will tell you in great detail about all the kings of the Ottoman Caliphate or the Ottoman Empire.
Here is the first part of this series about the founder of the Ottoman Empire: Usman Ghazi.
According to 656 AH, in 1258 AD, a son named Usman was born to the Turkish chief Ertugrul Ghazi.
It was at this time that the Mongol army, led by Hulagu Khan bricked bricks from Baghdad, the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate.
At a time when the Muslim Ummah was going through its worst period and one city after another was being destroyed by the Tartars.
In such a situation, the founder of a new and great empire of the Muslim Ummah had opened his eyes to this world.
When Uthman was a boy, Sheikh Edebali was a famous Turkish scholar and influential Sufi.
Sheikh Ada Bali was also an old friend of Usman’s father Ertugrul.
Ada Bali often talks to Ertugrul. Sheikh Ada Bali also had a hand in Uthman’s religious training.
In addition, Uthman was a guest of the Sheikh many times.
Once Usman saw the Sheikh’s daughter and as soon as he saw her he chose her for himself.
And sent a marriage message to the Sheikh
but Sheikh Ada Bali, because he liked the dervish life, refused to marry his daughter to Usman.
One night Usman was sleeping at the shrine of Sheikh Ada Bali when he had a dream,
He saw that:
A crescent moon came out of the chest of Sheikh Ada Bali and gradually it became the moon of Badr and became attached to the chest of Uthman.
Then a tree appeared from the side of ‘Uthman, which grew and spread until its branches spread over half the land.
From the roots of this tree flowed the four great rivers of the world.
And the branches of this tree supported the four great mountains. The leaves of the tree resembled swords.
Suddenly a strong wind blew and the leaves of the tree turned towards a continent.
That continent looked like a ring. Usman wanted to wear this ring but his eye was opened .Usman narrated this dream to Ada Bali.
After hearing the dream, Sheikh immediately married his daughter to Usman.
Now here again in history, there is disagreement.
According to some, Sheikh’s daughter was a Maal Hatun and she gave birth to Orkhan.
According to some, she was Rabia Bala, Usman’s second wife. From whom his second son Aladdin was born and the Maal Hatun’s father is “Omar Bay”.
However, everyone agrees with this dream.
This dream is known as Osman’s Dream which was a divine sign from God to the Ottoman Empire.
This dream of Uthman was considered very good and later people interpreted it as:
The four rivers were the Tigris, the Euphrates, the Nile, and the Danube.
And the four mountains were Mount Toor, Mount Balkan, Mount Qaf, and Mount Atlas.
Later, in the time of Uthman’s descendants, the empire spread to these rivers and mountains
So this dream was actually a prophecy about the size of the Ottoman Empire.
The city means the city of Constantinople which Uthman could not conquer but later his descendants conquered this city.
Ertugrul’s Crown Prince Usman I became the ruler of his kingdom on September 27, 1299, after the death of his father, Ertugrul Ghazi.
After the Mongol conquest of the Roman capital of Konya and the fall of the Seljuk Empire, Uthman’s estate became independent, later called the Ottoman Empire.
Usman Khan’s estate was bordered by the Byzantine Empire of Constantinople.
It was the same Byzantine government known as the Roman Empire in Arab times
Which was taxed by the Seljuks in the time of Alp Arsalan and Malik Shah
The Byzantine Empire was now very weak and small, but still much larger and more powerful than Usman Khan’s estate.
The Byzantine forts kept invading Usman’s manor, which led to fighting between Usman Khan and the Byzantine government.
Uthman showed great bravery and ability in these battles and conquered many areas, including the famous city of Bursa.
Uthman besieged the fortress of Qaraja and soon conquered this Byzantine fortress.
After his conquest, Uthman warned the Byzantines that their competition was not easy.
The Seljuk Sultan was very happy with this victory and gave Uthman the Qaraja Hesar and all the surrounding area which Uthman had acquired by force of sword, in Uthman’s jagir. And awarded him the title of “Nezbek”.
Usman was allowed to issue his own coin in the area. Thus all the necessities of the kingdom became available to Uthman.
In 1300, the Seljuk Empire was overthrown by the Tatar invasion of Asia Minor, and Uthman became completely independent.
After that, Uthman carried out all the victories like an independent ruler.
Sultan Usman Ghazi’s aim was not only to conquer other states but for a long time he was engaged in the administrative affairs of the cities.
Established various departments of government. Worked a lot for the welfare of the people. Some Turkish chiefs who considered this silence to be Uthman’s weakness were afraid of Uthman’s growing power.
They started attacking the conquered areas of Uthman. But Usman Ghazi dispelled the misunderstandings of all the chiefs and defeated them all. In 1300, he conquered the city of Yeni ،eher, a district of Barsa, and made it the capital of his fledgling empire.
In 1301, Sultan Uthman defeated the Byzantine emperor’s large army at the site of the siege of Qarj. Within 6 years, Uthman reached the Black Sea, conquering Byzantine forts. Bursa, Nicaea, and all areas around Nicomedia were destroyed.
Under these circumstances, the Byzantine emperor incited the Tartars to attack ‘Uthman.
The Tatars invaded the conquered territories of Uthman. This time Uthman sent his son Orkhan to fight the Tartars.
Orkhan defeated the Tatars. Thus the hopes of all the enemies of Sultan Uthman, including the Byzantines, were dashed. Sultan Uthman possessed all the qualities necessary for a founder. His courage and bravery was extraordinary.
He himself fought in the war with such fervor that he breathed new life into the soldiers. His justice is very famous. All were equal in justice.
He never even accumulated your personal wealth. He also distributed their share of the spoils. No gold, money, etc. were found in his house after your death.
Just get a kaftan, a salt shaker, a cotton turban, a wooden spoon and a few Arabian horses.
However, one of his swords, which was given by Sheikh Ada Bali, still exists today.
This sword of Sultan Uthman was given to every sultan who came after him and in this ceremony, it was prayed that Allah create in you the same virtues as Uthman
Sultan Uthman shot and killed his uncle Dündar Bey himself. This was the first assassination of his own family in the Ottoman Empire.
Dandar was killed because he was allying with the Byzantine emperors. In addition, he was demoralizing the army.
At the meeting of Sultan Uthman, he advised the enemy not to fight by calling him powerful.
We would find this murder very flawed in terms of today but in terms of that era it was a minor incident.
In his early days, Sultan Uthman also built a mosque which is the first mosque of the Ottoman Empire.
After Uthman, his descendants became great kings who made his dream come true.
In the history of Islam, the rule of any family has not lasted as long as the rule of Al-Uthman, nor has there been a ruler in any family as capable as Al-Uthman.
In 1317, Sultan Usman Ghazi laid siege to Barsa, a very important city. The siege lasted for about ten years.
There are various traditions regarding the death of Sultan Uthman. It is said that Sultan Uthman died in 1323 or 1324.
But according to some traditions, he was on his death bed at the time of the conquest of Barsa.
After the conquest of Barsa, Usman Ghazi died at Soghoot on August 21, 1326 and was buried in the city of Barsa.
Before he died, he gave long advice to his son Orkhan and urged justice among the people.
Who inherited the Ottoman Empire after Uthman? And what did he do for this state?
We will tell you all this in the next post of this series.